startup

Startup

A SvelteKit app template with auth, postgres+ drizzle, background workers, integrated websocket server, and basic component library configured and ready to go

TODO

  • websockets integration
  • cursor based pagination
  • responsive breakpoints
  • settings page (update username/password)
  • deploy scripts and config (render.com?)
  • twilio
  • sendgrid
  • payment (stripe?)
  • CLI/install script to choose which examples/config you want
  • code climate

TODO someday

Getting started

  1. npx degit sammynave/startup <directory_name>
  2. pnpm i (or npm or yarn or whatever)
  3. create a .env file base on .env.example and replace the values
  4. start your docker container runtime then docker-compose up to build and start docker file (try out colima if you're fed up with the macos docker app)
  5. to execute psql in your docker container run: docker exec -it startup-db-1 psql -U postgres. NOTE: if you changed the values in .env, replace -U postgres in the previous command with with -U <your postgres user> and replace startup-db-1 with <directory_name>-db-1 from step 1.
  6. once in psql run: create database startup; or whatever you want to call it. NOTE: make sure this matches the last segment of your DATABASE_URL value in .env
  7. type \q to exit psql
  8. pnpm db:generate to generate migrations from src/lib/server/db/schema.ts
  9. pnpm db:migrate to apply the migrations to the database
  10. pnpm dev to start the server
  11. visit http://localhost:5173/sign-up to make sure sign up is working
  12. start building!

Auth

Username and password authentication provided by Lucia. Lucia also supports OAuth. Here's an example using GitHub if you want to do that

There are two roles available to a User: user and admin. Users can have one or both. The app is set up so any routes created under /app/admin will require the logged in user to have the role admin

Database migrations

commands

  • pnpm db:generate: reads src/lib/server/db/schema.ts and creates a new migration (drizzle/<generated_name>.sql) by calculating the diff of the current schema.ts and the previous
  • pnpm db:drop-migration: prompts you for a migration to remove. do not manually remove migrations from the drizzle folder. always use the command.
  • pnpm db:push: this is useful in development, do not use it in prod. this will push up all changes to the db. there is some interactivity here to manage existing tables and columns
  • pnpm db:migrate: this runs the migrate.js script and applies all migrations that have not been run yet to the db. any time there is a change to the db, this is the command that is run to sync the migrations folder and the db structure.

See Drizzle docs for more info on drizzle commands

new feature example flow:

  1. update schema.ts with new table
  2. pnpm db:generate to generate a new migration
  3. pnpm db:migrate to sync the db schema with our schema definition

UI components via shadcn-svelte

shadcn-svelte components can be added to the project (and updated) via the CLI - example: pnpx shadcn-svelte@latest add Card

They will be added to the src/lib/components/ui directory

see CLI commands for more info

shadcn-svelte uses tailwindcss for theming. The default theme values are in src/app.postcss

Deploying to Render.com

You can use the existing render.yaml to spin up a free web service and free database. Create your render account then in Blueprints, sync it with your repo.

You'll also need to create an Env Group to store the env PUBLIC_FAKTORY_URL since that's used in the app. If you don't need the worker, you can delete the example route src/routes/app/example-background-job and skip this step

See the Render docs for more info

Testing

E2E with Playwright

Colima + testcontianers work around

export DOCKER_HOST=unix://${HOME}/.colima/default/docker.sock
export TESTCONTAINERS_DOCKER_SOCKET_OVERRIDE=/var/run/docker.sock

Integrated websockets server(s)

TODO - rewrite this

This repo contains two examples (/src/routes/app/websocket-example/using-pub-sub and /using-pub-sub -> http://localhost:5173/app/websocket-example/using-pub-sub and /using-streams) of how to setup websockets on the same port in the same process as the svelte server. (taken from this repo)[https://github.com/suhaildawood/SvelteKit-integrated-WebSocket].

Key files:

  • prod-server.ts - this is how you'll start your prod server (see render.yaml)
  • vite.config.ts - here we create a small plugin to insert the websocket server at /websocket path for the dev and preview servers (configureServer and configurePreviewServer)
  • vite-plugins/vite-plugin-svelte-kit-integrated-websocket-server.ts - this file contains the functions that create the server (createWSSGlobalInstance) and host it (onHttpServerUpgrade) referenced in the step above. This technique relies on attaching the websocket server to the global state.
  • ws-server.ts This file also has utility functions to help out when getting and setting the websocket server: getStreamWss/getPubSubWss and setStreamsWss/setPubSubWss
  • src/hooks.server.ts - this file initializes our websocket servers and adds a reference to it to locals. this way we can trigger events from other places in our Svelte server, for example, the default action in src/routes/app/websocket-example/using-streams/+page.server.ts. Here we're grabbing the server (sWss) off of the event.locals object and then triggering a reload for all of our connected clients.

Example files that make use of this setup:

src/lib/server/websockets - this directory contains examples of how one might implement a chat room example and a "presence" example (i.e. who else is here?).

  • handler.ts - this file is responsible for setting up client connections. it handles session auth (via Lucia) and it set ups and coordinates the features we want to use over websockets (Chat and Presence)
  • chat.ts and presence.ts are examples of how one might group together concerns into separate files/stay organized and still be able to share a single socket per client.
  • The pub/sub version makes use of Redis' pub/sub feature so we can scale across multiple instances of this server. NOTE: Redis' Pub/Sub exhibits at-most-once message delivery semantics, meaning if a message is published and there are no subscribers connected, it will never be delivered.
  • If your app requires stronger delivery guarantees look at the Redis Streams example. Messages in streams are persisted, and support both at-most-once as well as at-least-once delivery semantics.
  • redis-client.ts - since you can't use the same Redis client for both publish and subscribe, this file just exports 3 different clients that can be reused throughout the app

src/lib/websockets - this directory contains all of the client side examples for implementing chat and "presence".

  • ws-store.ts - this is a custom Svelte store that handles setting up the websocket and sending messages to the server
  • chat-store.ts - this is a custom Svelte store (with an embedded derived store using ws-store) to add a listener to ws-store to handle receiving chat related messages. it also exports a send method for sending messages to the chat stream
  • presence-store.ts - this is a derived store that adds a listener to ws-store for type: 'presence' messages.
  • reload-store.ts - this was useful for debugging/developing these examples - it's also a derived store and used for flushing the Redis cache (i.e. deleting all chat messages) and force-reloading all connected clients.

Background workers via Faktory

Running docker-compose up will start a Faktory job server

The Faktory dashboard can be found here: http://localhost:7420

Jobs (a.k.a producers) can be added in src/lib/server/jobs

Workers (a.k.a consumers) can be added in src/lib/server/workers.

You can kick off an example job with the send job button in the /app route

Using Faktory locally

This is kind of a budget background job set up for dev but it works 🤷‍♂️

    1. Make sure you docker-compose uped
    1. Open new terminal and run pnpm dev:worker. you can pass optionally pas --workers 2 (or any number) to have more than one worker going

NOTE: if you pass --workers <num> the apps will spin up starting on port 5174 and increment for each worker. so --workers 3 will have 3 processes: http://localhost:5174, http://localhost:5175, and http://localhost:5176

Running pnpm dev:worker will spin up an instance of the sveltekit app in "worker mode" (i.e. WORKER=true env var is set), then it will make a curl request to manually trigger the code in hooks.server.ts to load the worker file. Once the worker file is loaded, it registers itself with the Faktory server and starts pulling jobs off of the queue. The curl request is necessary in local dev because the code in hooks.server.ts isn't loaded until a request to the app as made. As far as I know, there is no afterInit or afterAppBoot or any way to hook into the boot up process in dev. This shouldn't be a problem when the app is built for production, as long as you build the worker with pnpm build:worker.

This is good in the sense that we can write our worker code side-by-side with our app code, share the build process, and share all of the same classes, functions, etc... (like Sidekiq and Rails) but kind of annoying to have had to create and maintain dev-worker.js.

IMPORTANT: when you're working on worker code, you'll notice that hmr doesn't work. You'll need to stop and re-pnpm dev:worker every time you change code and want to try it out. I'm not sure how to get around this since the Faktory workers are singletons and can only be registered once. Maybe vite has a way to run arbitrary code on reload and the Faktory node client has a way to remove jobs from the registry then re-add them.

Or maybe it's better to define the workers outside of the SvelteKit app and run them directly (e.g. node ./workers/worker.js). The problem there is we lose the ability to import functions from the app. We'll have to write some config to deal with that and it seems like a pain. I'll look into it someday.

Developing

Once you've created a project and installed dependencies with npm install (or pnpm install or yarn), start a development server:

pnpm dev

Building

To create a production version of your app:

pnpm build

You can preview the production build with npm preview.

To deploy your app, you may need to install an adapter for your target environment.

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