svelte-jsoneditor

Svelte Jsoneditor

A web-based tool to view, edit, format, repair, query, transform, and validate JSON

svelte-jsoneditor

A web-based tool to view, edit, format, transform, and validate JSON.

Try it out: https://jsoneditoronline.org

The library is written with Svelte, but can be used in plain JavaScript too and in any framework (SolidJS, React, Vue, Angular, etc).

Features

  • View and edit JSON
  • Has a low level text editor and high level tree view and table view
  • Format (beautify) and compact JSON
  • Sort, query, filter, and transform JSON
  • Repair JSON
  • JSON schema validation and pluggable custom validation
  • Color highlighting, undo/redo, search and replace
  • Utilities like a color picker and timestamp tag
  • Handles large JSON documents up to 512 MB

Install

For usage in a Svelte project:

npm install svelte-jsoneditor

For usage in vanilla JavaScript or frameworks like SolidJS, React, Vue, Angular, etc:

npm install vanilla-jsoneditor

Use

Examples

Svelte usage

Create a JSONEditor with two-way binding bind:json:

<script>
  import { JSONEditor } from 'svelte-jsoneditor'

  let content = {
    text: undefined, // can be used to pass a stringified JSON document instead
    json: {
      array: [1, 2, 3],
      boolean: true,
      color: '#82b92c',
      null: null,
      number: 123,
      object: { a: 'b', c: 'd' },
      string: 'Hello World'
    }
  }
</script>

<div>
  <JSONEditor bind:content />
</div>

Or one-way binding:

<script>
  import { JSONEditor } from 'svelte-jsoneditor'

  let content = {
    text: undefined, // can be used to pass a stringified JSON document instead
    json: {
      greeting: 'Hello World'
    }
  }

  function handleChange(updatedContent, previousContent, { contentErrors, patchResult }) {
    // content is an object { json: unknown } | { text: string }
    console.log('onChange: ', { updatedContent, previousContent, contentErrors, patchResult })
    content = updatedContent
  }
</script>

<div>
  <JSONEditor {content} onChange="{handleChange}" />
</div>

Vanilla bundle (use in React, Vue, Angular, plain JavaScript, ...)

The library provides a vanilla bundle of the editor via the npm library vanilla-jsoneditor (instead of svelte-jsoneditor) which can be used in any browser environment and framework. In a framework like React, Vue, or Angular, you'll need to write some wrapper code around the class interface.

If you have a setup for your project with a bundler (like Vite, Rollup, or Webpack), it is best to use the default ES import:

// for use in a React, Vue, or Angular project
import { JSONEditor } from 'vanilla-jsoneditor'

If you want to use the library straight in the browser, use the provided standalone ES bundle:

// for use directly in the browser
import { JSONEditor } from 'vanilla-jsoneditor/standalone.js'

The standalone bundle contains all dependencies of vanilla-jsoneditor, for example lodash-es and Ajv. If you use some of these dependencies in your project too, it means that they will be bundled twice in your web application, leading to a needlessly large application size. In general, it is preferable to use the default import { JSONEditor } from 'vanilla-jsoneditor' so dependencies can be reused.

Browser example loading the standalone ES module:

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <title>JSONEditor</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="jsoneditor"></div>

    <script type="module">
      import { JSONEditor } from 'vanilla-jsoneditor/standalone.js'

      // Or use it through a CDN (not recommended for use in production):
      // import { JSONEditor } from 'https://unpkg.com/vanilla-jsoneditor/standalone.js'
      // import { JSONEditor } from 'https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/vanilla-jsoneditor/standalone.js'

      let content = {
        text: undefined,
        json: {
          greeting: 'Hello World'
        }
      }

      const editor = new JSONEditor({
        target: document.getElementById('jsoneditor'),
        props: {
          content,
          onChange: (updatedContent, previousContent, { contentErrors, patchResult }) => {
            // content is an object { json: unknown } | { text: string }
            console.log('onChange', { updatedContent, previousContent, contentErrors, patchResult })
            content = updatedContent
          }
        }
      })

      // use methods get, set, update, and onChange to get data in or out of the editor.
      // Use updateProps to update properties.
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

Wrapper libraries for specific frameworks

To make it easier to use the library in your framework of choice, you can use a wrapper library:

API

constructor

Svelte component:

<script>
  import { JSONEditor } from 'svelte-jsoneditor'

  let content = { text: '[1,2,3]' }
</script>

<div>
  <JSONEditor {content} />
</div>

JavasScript class:

import { JSONEditor } from 'vanilla-jsoneditor' // or 'vanilla-jsoneditor/standalone.js'

const content = { text: '[1,2,3]' }

const editor = new JSONEditor({
  target: document.getElementById('jsoneditor'),
  props: {
    content,
    onChange: (updatedContent, previousContent, { contentErrors, patchResult }) => {
      // content is an object { json: unknown } | { text: string }
      console.log('onChange', { updatedContent, previousContent, contentErrors, patchResult })
    }
  }
})

properties

Properties such as content and mode are either passed as attributes to the Svelte component, like <JSONEditor {content} {mode} />, or via the props in case of the vanilla JS constructor: new JSONEditor({ target, props: { content, mode }.

content

content: Content

Pass the JSON contents to be rendered in the JSONEditor. Content is an object containing a property json (a parsed JSON document) or text (a stringified JSON document). Only one of the two properties must be defined. You can pass both content types to the editor independent of in what mode it is. You can use two-way binding via bind:content.

IMPORTANT: only make immutable changes to content. Mutable changes will mess up history and rendered contents. See section Immutability.

selection

selection: JSONEditorSelection | null

The current selected contents. You can use two-way binding using bind:selection. The tree mode supports MultiSelection, KeySelection, ValueSelection, InsideSelection, or AfterSelection. The table mode supports ValueSelection, and text mode supports TextSelection..

mode

mode: 'tree' | 'text' | 'table'

Open the editor in 'tree' mode (default), 'table' mode, or 'text' mode (formerly: code mode).

mainMenuBar: boolean

Show the main menu bar. Default value is true.

navigationBar: boolean

Show the navigation bar with, where you can see the selected path and navigate through your document from there. Default value is true.

statusBar

statusBar: boolean

Show a status bar at the bottom of the 'text' editor, showing information about the cursor location and selected contents. Default value is true.

askToFormat

askToFormat: boolean

When true (default), the user will be asked whether he/she wants to format the JSON document when a compact document is loaded or pasted in 'text' mode. Only applicable to 'text' mode.

readOnly

readOnly: boolean

Open the editor in read-only mode: no changes can be made, non-relevant buttons are hidden from the menu, and the context menu is not enabled. Default value is false.

indentation

indentation: number | string

Number of spaces use for indentation when stringifying JSON, or a string to be used as indentation like '\t' to use a tab as indentation, or ' ' to use 4 spaces (which is equivalent to configuring indentation: 4). See also property tabSize.

tabSize

tabSize: number

When indentation is configured as a tab character (indentation: '\t'), tabSize configures how large a tab character is rendered. Default value is 4. Only applicable to text mode.

escapeControlCharacters

escapeControlCharacters: boolean

False by default. When true, control characters like newline and tab are rendered as escaped characters \n and \t. Only applicable for 'tree' mode, in 'text' mode control characters are always escaped.

escapeUnicodeCharacters

escapeUnicodeCharacters: boolean

False by default. When true, unicode characters like ☎ and 😀 are rendered escaped like \u260e and \ud83d\ude00.

flattenColumns

flattenColumns: boolean

True by default. Only applicable to 'table' mode. When true, nested object properties will be displayed each in their own column, with the nested path as column name. When false, nested objects will be rendered inline, and double-clicking them will open them in a popup.

validator

validator: function (json: unknown): ValidationError[]

Validate the JSON document. For example use the built-in JSON Schema validator powered by Ajv:

import { createAjvValidator } from 'svelte-jsoneditor'

const validator = createAjvValidator({ schema, schemaDefinitions })

parser

parser: JSON = JSON

Configure a custom JSON parser, like lossless-json. By default, the native JSON parser of JavaScript is used. The JSON interface is an object with a parse and stringify function. For example:

<script>
  import { JSONEditor } from 'svelte-jsoneditor'
  import { parse, stringify } from 'lossless-json'

  const LosslessJSONParser = { parse, stringify }

  let content = { text: '[1,2,3]' }
</script>

<div>
  <JSONEditor {content} parser="{LosslessJSONParser}" />
</div>

validationParser

validationParser: JSONParser = JSON

Only applicable when a validator is provided. This is the same as parser, except that this parser is used to parse the data before sending it to the validator. Configure a custom JSON parser that is used to parse JSON before passing it to the validator. By default, the built-in JSON parser is used. When passing a custom validationParser, make sure the output of the parser is supported by the configured validator. So, when the validationParser can output bigint numbers or other numeric types, the validator must also support that. In tree mode, when parser is not equal to validationParser, the JSON document will be converted before it is passed to the validator via validationParser.parse(parser.stringify(json)).

pathParser

pathParser: JSONPathParser

An optional object with a parse and stringify method to parse and stringify a JSONPath, which is an array with property names. The pathParser is used in the path editor in the navigation bar, which is opened by clicking the edit button on the right side of the navigation bar. The pathParser.parse function is allowed to throw an Error when the input is invalid. By default, a JSON Path notation is used, which looks like $.data[2].nested.property. Alternatively, it is possible to use for example a JSON Pointer notation like /data/2/nested/property or something custom-made. Related helper functions: parseJSONPath and stringifyJSONPath, parseJSONPointer and compileJSONPointer.

onError

onError(err: Error)

Callback fired when an error occurs. Default implementation is to log an error in the console and show a simple alert message to the user.

onChange

onChange(content: Content, previousContent: Content, changeStatus: { contentErrors: ContentErrors | null, patchResult: JSONPatchResult | null })

The callback which is invoked on every change of the contents made by the user from within the editor. It will not trigger on changes that are applied programmatically via methods like .set(), .update(), or .patch().

The returned content is sometimes of type { json }, and sometimes of type { text }. Which of the two is returned depends on the mode of the editor, the change that is applied, and the state of the document (valid, invalid, empty). Please be aware that { text } can contain invalid JSON: whilst typing in text mode, a JSON document will be temporarily invalid, like when the user is typing a new string. The parameter patchResult is only returned on changes that can be represented as a JSON Patch document, and for example not when freely typing in text mode.

onChangeMode

onChangeMode(mode: 'tree' | 'text' | 'table')

Invoked when the mode is changed.

onClassName

onClassName(path: Path, value: any): string | undefined

Add a custom class name to specific nodes, based on their path and/or value. Note that in the custom class, you can override CSS variables like --jse-contents-background-color to change the styling of a node, like the background color. Relevant variables are:

--jse-contents-background-color
--jse-selection-background-color
--jse-selection-background-inactive-color
--jse-hover-background-color
--jse-context-menu-pointer-hover-background
--jse-context-menu-pointer-background
--jse-context-menu-pointer-background-highlight
--jse-collapsed-items-background-color
--jse-collapsed-items-selected-background-color

To adjust the text color of keys or values, the color of the classes .jse-key and .jse-value can be overwritten.

onRenderValue

onRenderValue(props: RenderValueProps) : RenderValueComponentDescription[]

Customize rendering of the values. By default, renderValue is used, which renders a value as an editable div and depending on the value can also render a boolean toggle, a color picker, and a timestamp tag. Multiple components can be rendered alongside each other, like the boolean toggle and color picker being rendered left from the editable div. Built in value renderer components: EditableValue, ReadonlyValue, BooleanToggle, ColorPicker, TimestampTag, EnumValue.

For JSON Schema enums, there is a ready-made value renderer renderJSONSchemaEnum which renders enums using the EnumValue component. This can be used like:

import { renderJSONSchemaEnum, renderValue } from 'svelte-jsoneditor'

function onRenderValue(props) {
  // use the enum renderer, and fallback on the default renderer
  return renderJSONSchemaEnum(props, schema, schemaDefinitions) || renderValue(props)
}

The callback onRenderValue must return an array with one or multiple renderers. Each renderer can be either a Svelte component or a Svelte action:

interface SvelteComponentRenderer {
  component: typeof SvelteComponent<RenderValuePropsOptional>
  props: Record<string, unknown>
}

interface SvelteActionRenderer {
  action: Action // Svelte Action
  props: Record<string, unknown>
}

The SvelteComponentRenderer interface can be used to provide Svelte components like the EnumValue component mentioned above. The SvelteActionRenderer expects a Svelte Action as action property. Since this interface is a plain JavaScript interface, this allows to create custom components in a vanilla JS environment. Basically it is a function that gets a DOM node passed, and needs to return an object with update and destroy functions:

const myRendererAction = {
  action: (node) => {
    // attach something to the HTML DOM node
    return {
      update: (node) => {
        // update the DOM
      },
      destroy: () => {
        // cleanup the DOM
      }
    }
  }
}

onRenderMenu

onRenderMenu(items: MenuItem[], context: { mode: 'tree' | 'text' | 'table', modal: boolean, readOnly: boolean }) : MenuItem[] | undefined

Callback which can be used to make changes to the menu items. New items can be added, or existing items can be removed or reorganized. When the function returns undefined, the original items will be applied.

Using the context values mode, modal, and readOnly, different actions can be taken depending on the mode of the editor and whether the editor is rendered inside a modal or not, or depending on whether it is read-only.

A menu item MenuItem can be one of the following types:

  • Button:

    interface MenuButton {
      type: 'button'
      onClick: () => void
      icon?: IconDefinition
      text?: string
      title?: string
      className?: string
      disabled?: boolean
    }
    
  • Separator (gray vertical line between a group of items):

    interface MenuSeparator {
      type: 'separator'
    }
    
  • Space (fills up empty space):

    interface MenuSpace {
      type: 'space'
    }
    

onRenderContextMenu

onRenderContextMenu(items: ContextMenuItem[], context: { mode: 'tree' | 'text' | 'table', modal: boolean, readOnly: boolean, selection: JSONEditorSelection | null }) : ContextMenuItem[] | false | undefined

Callback which can be used to make changes to the context menu items. New items can be added, or existing items can be removed or reorganized. When the function returns undefined, the original items will be applied and the context menu will be displayed when readOnly is false. When the function returns false, the context menu will never be displayed. The callback is triggered too when the editor is readOnly, and in most cases you want to return false then.

Using the context values mode, modal, readOnly and selection, different actions can be taken depending on the mode of the editor, whether the editor is rendered inside a modal or not, whether the editor is read-only or not, and depending on the path of selection.

A menu item ContextMenuItem can be one of the following types:

  • Button:

    interface MenuButton {
      type: 'button'
      onClick: () => void
      icon?: IconDefinition
      text?: string
      title?: string
      className?: string
      disabled?: boolean
    }
    
  • Dropdown button:

    interface MenuDropDownButton {
      type: 'dropdown-button'
      main: MenuButton
      width?: string
      items: MenuButton[]
    }
    
  • Separator (gray line between a group of items):

    interface MenuSeparator {
      type: 'separator'
    }
    
  • Menu row and column:

    interface MenuLabel {
      type: 'label'
      text: string
    }
    
    interface ContextMenuColumn {
      type: 'column'
      items: Array<MenuButton | MenuDropDownButton | MenuLabel | MenuSeparator>
    }
    
    interface ContextMenuRow {
      type: 'row'
      items: Array<MenuButton | MenuDropDownButton | ContextMenuColumn>
    }
    

onSelect

onSelect: (selection: JSONEditorSelection | null) => void

Callback invoked when the selection is changed. When the selection is removed, the callback is invoked with undefined as argument. In text mode, a TextSelection will be fired. In tree and table mode, a JSONSelection will be fired (which can be MultiSelection, KeySelection, ValueSelection, InsideSelection, or AfterSelection). Use typeguards like isTextSelection and isValueSelection to check what type the selection has.

queryLanguages

queryLanguages: QueryLanguage[]

Configure one or multiple query language that can be used in the Transform modal. The library comes with three languages:

import {
  jmespathQueryLanguage,
  lodashQueryLanguage,
  javascriptQueryLanguage
} from 'svelte-jsoneditor'

const allQueryLanguages = [jmespathQueryLanguage, lodashQueryLanguage, javascriptQueryLanguage]

By default, only javascriptQueryLanguage is loaded.

queryLanguageId

queryLanguageId: string

The id of the currently selected query language.

onChangeQueryLanguage

onChangeQueryLanguage: (queryLanguageId: string) => void

Callback function invoked when the user changes the selected query language in the TransformModal via the configuration button top right.

  • onFocus() callback fired when the editor got focus.
  • onBlur() callback fired when the editor lost focus.

methods

Methods can be called on a JSONEditor instance. In Svelte, you can create a reference and call a method like:

<script>
  let editor

  function logContents() {
    const content = editor.get() // using a method
    console.log(content)
  }
</script>

<JSONEditor bind:this={editor} />

In the vanilla editor, the constructor returns an instance:

const editor = new JSONEditor({ ... })

function logContents() {
  const content = editor.get() // using a method
  console.log(content)
}

Note that most methods are asynchronous and will resolve after the editor is re-rendered (on the next tick).

get

JSONEditor.prototype.get(): Content

Get the current JSON document.

IMPORTANT: do not mutate the received content, that will mess up history and rendered contents. See section Immutability.

set

JSONEditor.prototype.set(content: Content): Promise<void>

Replace the current content. Will reset the state of the editor. See also method update(content).

update

JSONEditor.prototype.update(content: Content): Promise<void>

Update the loaded content, keeping the state of the editor (like expanded objects). You can also call editor.updateProps({ content }). See also method set(content).

IMPORTANT: only apply immutable changes to content. Mutable changes will mess up history and rendered contents. See section Immutability.

patch

JSONEditor.prototype.patch(operations: JSONPatchDocument) : Promise<JSONPatchResult>

Apply a JSON patch document to update the contents of the JSON document. A JSON patch document is a list with JSON Patch operations.

IMPORTANT: only apply immutable changes to the contents. Mutable changes will mess up history and rendered contents. See section Immutability.

updateProps

JSONEditor.prototype.updateProps(props: Object): Promise<void>

Tpdate some or all of the properties. Updated content can be passed too; this is equivalent to calling update(content). Example:

editor.updateProps({
  readOnly: true
})

expand

JSONEditor.prototype.expand([callback: (path: Path) => boolean]): Promise<void>

Expand or collapse paths in the editor. The callback determines which paths will be expanded. If no callback is provided, all paths will be expanded. It is only possible to expand a path when all of its parent paths are expanded too. Examples:

  • editor.expand(path => true) expand all
  • editor.expand(path => false) collapse all
  • editor.expand(path => path.length < 2) expand all paths up to 2 levels deep

transform

JSONEditor.prototype.transform({ id?: string, rootPath?: [], onTransform: ({ operations: JSONPatchDocument, json: unknown, transformedJson: unknown }) => void, onClose: () => void })

Programmatically trigger clicking of the transform button in the main menu, opening the transform model. If a callback onTransform is provided, it will replace the build-in logic to apply a transform, allowing you to process the transform operations in an alternative way. If provided, onClose callback will trigger when the transform modal closes, both after the user clicked apply or cancel. If an id is provided, the transform modal will load the previous status of this id instead of the status of the editors transform modal.

scrollTo

JSONEditor.prototype.scrollTo(path: Path): Promise<void>

Scroll the editor vertically such that the specified path comes into view. Only applicable to modes tree and table. The path will be expanded when needed. The returned Promise is resolved after scrolling is finished.

findElement

JSONEditor.prototype.findElement(path: Path)

Find the DOM element of a given path. Returns null when not found.

acceptAutoRepair

JSONEditor.prototype.acceptAutoRepair(): Promise<Content>

In tree mode, invalid JSON is automatically repaired when loaded. When the repair was successful, the repaired contents are rendered but not yet applied to the document itself until the user clicks "Ok" or starts editing the data. Instead of accepting the repair, the user can also click "Repair manually instead". Invoking .acceptAutoRepair() will programmatically accept the repair. This will trigger an update, and the method itself also returns the updated contents. In case of text mode or when the editor is not in an "accept auto repair" status, nothing will happen, and the contents will be returned as is.

refresh

JSONEditor.prototype.refresh(): Promise<void>

Refresh rendering of the contents, for example after changing the font size. This is only available in text mode.

validate

JSONEditor.prototype.validate() : ContentErrors | null

Get all current parse errors and validation errors.

select

JSONEditor.prototype.select(newSelection: JSONEditorSelection | null)

Change the current selection. See also option selection.

focus

JSONEditor.prototype.focus(): Promise<void>

Give the editor focus.

destroy

JSONEditor.prototype.destroy(): Promise<void>

Destroy the editor, remove it from the DOM.

Utility functions

The library exports a set of utility functions. The exact definitions of those functions can be found in the TypeScript d

  • Rendering of values:
    • renderValue
    • renderJSONSchemaEnum
    • Components:
      • BooleanToggle
      • ColorPicker
      • EditableValue
      • EnumValue
      • ReadonlyValue
      • TimestampTag
  • Validation:
    • createAjvValidator
  • Query languages:
    • lodashQueryLanguage
    • javascriptQueryLanguage
    • jmespathQueryLanguage
  • Content:
    • isContent
    • isTextContent
    • isJSONContent
    • isLargeContent
    • toTextContent
    • toJSONContent
    • estimateSerializedSize
  • Selection:
    • isValueSelection
    • isKeySelection
    • isInsideSelection
    • isAfterSelection
    • isMultiSelection,
    • isEditingSelection
    • createValueSelection
    • createKeySelection
    • createInsideSelection,
    • createAfterSelection
    • createMultiSelection
  • Parser:
    • isEqualParser
  • Path:
    • parseJSONPath
    • stringifyJSONPath
  • Actions:
    • resizeObserver
    • onEscape
  • Typeguards:
    • isContentParseError
    • isContentValidationErrors
  • More: you can install immutable-json-patch and use its functions:
    • immutableJSONPatch
    • revertJSONPatch
    • parseJSONPointer
    • parsePath
    • parseFrom
    • compileJSONPointer
    • compileJSONPointerProp
    • getIn
    • setIn
    • updateIn
    • insertAt
    • existsIn
    • deleteIn

Types

The TypeScript types (like Content, JSONSelection, and JSONPatchOperation) are defined in the following source file:

https://github.com/josdejong/svelte-jsoneditor/blob/main/src/lib/types.ts

Styling

The editor can be styled using the available CSS variables. A full list with all variables can be found here:

https://github.com/josdejong/svelte-jsoneditor/blob/main/src/lib/themes/defaults.scss

Custom theme color

For example, to change the default blue theme color to anthracite:

<script>
  import { JSONEditor } from 'svelte-jsoneditor'

  let content = {
    text: undefined, // can be used to pass a stringified JSON document instead
    json: {
      string: 'Hello custom theme color :)'
    }
  }
</script>

<div class="my-json-editor">
  <JSONEditor bind:content />
</div>

<style>
  .my-json-editor {
    /* define a custom theme color */
    --jse-theme-color: #383e42;
    --jse-theme-color-highlight: #687177;
  }
</style>

Dark theme

The editor comes with a built-in dark theme. To use this theme:

  • Load the css file of the dark theme: themes/jse-theme-dark.css
  • Add the class name jse-theme-dark of the dark theme to the HTML container element where the editor is loaded.

It is possible to load styling of multiple themes, and toggle them by changing the class name (like jse-theme-dark) attached to the HTML container element.

Full Svelte example:

<script>
  import { JSONEditor } from 'svelte-jsoneditor'

  let content = {
    text: undefined, // can be used to pass a stringified JSON document instead
    json: {
      string: 'Hello dark theme :)'
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- use a theme by adding its name to the container class -->
<div class="my-json-editor jse-theme-dark">
  <JSONEditor bind:content />
</div>

<style>
  /* load one or multiple themes */
  @import 'svelte-jsoneditor/themes/jse-theme-dark.css';
</style>

Updating styles dynamically

When updating CSS variables dynamically, it is necessary to refresh the via editorRef.refresh() to update the font-size of the line numbers in the gutter and update the colors of the indentation markers in text mode:

<script>
  let editorRef

  function refresh() {
    editorRef?.refresh()
  }
</script>
<JSONEditor bind:this="{editorRef}" ... />

Immutability

It is important that the content of the editor is only updated in an immutable way. Mutating the content will break the history (undo/redo), and will not always immediately update the user interface according to the changes.

The reasons for requiring immutable changes are:

  1. It is necessary in order to support history (undo/redo).
  2. It allows efficiently re-rendering only changed sections of the user interface.

Other advantages of an immutable way of working are that it makes the data that you work with much more predictive and less error-prone. You can learn more about immutability by searching for articles or videos about the subject, such as this video or this article. Immutability is not always the best choice, but in the case of this JSON Editor we're dealing with large and deeply nested data structures, in which we typically make only small changes like updating a single nested value. An immutable approach really shines here, enabling svelte-jsoneditor to smoothly render and edit JSON documents up to 512 MB.

Here is an example of a mutable change:

// mutable change (NOT SUPPORTED!)
function updateDate() {
  const lastEdited = new Date().toISOString()
  const content = toJsonContent(myJsonEditor.get())
  content.json.lastEdited = lastEdited // <- this is a mutable change
  myJsonEditor.update(content)
  // ERROR: The UI will not update immediately but only update after changing something
  // inside the editor like the selection. And most importantly, history is broken now,
  // because the original document is mutated. You cannot undo this action.
}

Instead, you can apply the same change in an immutable way. There are various options for that:

// immutable change using a libary like "mutative" or "immer" (efficient and easy to work with)
import { create } from 'mutative'
function updateDate1() {
  const content = toJsonContent(myJsonEditor.get())
  const updatedContent = create(content, (draft) => {
    draft.json.lastEdited = new Date().toISOString()
  })
  myJsonEditor.update(updatedContent)
}

// immutable change using "immutable-json-patch"
import { setIn } from 'immutable-json-patch'
function updateDate2() {
  const content = toJsonContent(myJsonEditor.get())
  const updatedContent = setIn(content, ['json', 'lastEdited'], new Date().toISOString())
  myJsonEditor.update(updatedContent)
}

// immutable change using the spread operator (not handy for updates in nested data)
function updateDate3() {
  const content = toJsonContent(myJsonEditor.get())
  const updatedContent = {
    json: {
      ...content.json,
      lastEdited: new Date().toISOString()
    }
  }
  myJsonEditor.update(updatedContent)
}

// immutable change by creating a deep clone (simple though inefficient)
import { cloneDeep } from 'lodash-es'
function updateDate4() {
  const content = toJsonContent(myJsonEditor.get())
  const updatedContent = cloneDeep(content)
  updatedContent.json.lastEdited = new Date().toISOString()
  myJsonEditor.update(updatedContent)
}

Differences between josdejong/svelte-jsoneditor and josdejong/jsoneditor

This library josdejong/svelte-jsoneditor is the successor of josdejong/jsoneditor. The main differences are:

josdejong/jsoneditor josdejong/svelte-jsoneditor
Creation Original (first published in 2011) Successor (first published in 2021)
Framework Implemented in plain JavaScript, using low level DOM operations Uses Svelte
Tree mode A tree view having context menu buttons on the left of every line. The keys and values are always in editable state. A tree view utilizing right-click to open the context menu, and double-click to start editing a key or value (more similar to a Spreadsheet or text editor). It supports copy/paste from and to the system clipboard.
Text mode Powered by Ace editor Powered by Code Mirror
Preview mode Used to preview large documents Not needed, both tree and text mode can handle large documents

The main reasons to create a new library instead of extending the existing one are:

  • The codebase had become hard to maintain, the architecture needed a big overhaul. The codebase uses plain JavaScript to create and update the DOM based on changes in the state of the application. This is complex. Letting a framework like Svelte do this for you makes the code base much simpler.
  • Performance limitations in the old editor.
  • Tree mode: the classic tree mode of josdejong/jsoneditor is simple and straightforward, but also limited. The new tree mode of josdejong/svelte-jsoneditor allows for much more streamlined editing and interaction. It works quite similar to a Spreadsheet or text editor. Navigate and select using the Arrow and Shift+Arrow keys or by dragging with the mouse. Double-click (or press Enter) to start editing a key or value. Open the context menu by right-clicking on the item or selection you want to operate on. Use cut/copy/paste to move parts of the JSON around and interoperate with other applications.
  • Code or text mode: the Ace editor library is using an outdated module system (AMD) and the way it is bundled and published is hard to integrate in modern JavaScript projects. Code Mirror 6 is very straightforward to integrate, has much better performance, and is very extensible (paving the way for future features).

Known issues

When the library gives compile errors in your Svelte setup, it could be related to Vite having trouble importing ESM/CommonJS libraries the right way. The error could look like:

SyntaxError: The requested module '/node_modules/json-source-map/index.js?v=fda884be' does not provide an export named 'default' (at jsonUtils.js?v=fda884be:2:8)

A workaround is to add the following to your vite.config.js file (read more):

// ...

/** @type {import('vite').UserConfig} */
const config = {
  // ...
  optimizeDeps: {
    include: [
      'ajv-dist',
      'immutable-json-patch',
      'lodash-es',
      '@fortawesome/free-regular-svg-icons',
      'jmespath'
    ]
  }
}

// ...

Develop

To get started: clone the git repository, run npm install, and then npm run dev.

All available scripts:

npm install             # Install dependencies (once)

npm run dev             # Start the demo project (at http://localhost:5173)
npm run build           # Build the library (output in ./package and ./package-vanilla)

npm run test            # Run unit tests in watch mode
npm run test-ci         # Run unit tests once
npm run coverage        # Run unit test coverage (output in ./coverage)

npm run check           # Run Svelte checks
npm run lint            # Run linter
npm run format          # Automatically fix linting issues

npm run release-dry-run # To run the build and see the change list without actually publishing
npm run release         # Publish to npm (requires login). This will test, check, lint, build,
                        # increase the version number, update the changelog, and publish to npm.
                        # Note that it will publish two npm packages: `svelte-jsoneditor`
                        # and `vanilla-jsoneditor`.

License

svelte-jsoneditor is released as open source under the permissive the ISC license.

If you are using svelte-jsoneditor commercially, there is a social (but no legal) expectation that you help fund its maintenance. Start here.

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